Tests of brevity, spontaneity and cumulative effect

TEST OF BREVITY

Poetry

  • a complete poem if less than 250 words and if printed on not more than two pages
  • an excerpt does not have more than 250 words from a longer poem.

Prose

  • a complete article, story or essay of less than 250 words
  • an excerpt from any prose work of not more than 1,000 words or10 percent of the work, whichever is less

Illustration

  • one chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture per book or periodical issue

Special works

  • works in poetry, prose or "poetic prose" that fall short of 2,500 words in their entirety and
  • which often combine language with illustrations and are intended sometimes for children and at other times for a more general audience

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TEST OF SPONTANEITY

  • copying is at the request and inspiration of the individual teacher
  • the inspiration and decision to use the work and the moment of its use for maximum teaching effectiveness are so close in time that it is unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a request for permission

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TEST OF CUMULATIVE EFFECT

  • the copying of the material is only for one course in the institution where the copies are made
  • not more than one short poem, article, story, essay or two excerpts may be copied from the same author, nor more than three from the same collection of work or periodical volume during one class term
  • there are not more than nine instances of such multiple copying for one course during one class term

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